Drones have gained immense popularity in recent years, owing to their diverse applications in various fields. In Nepal, drones are used for agriculture, education, healthcare, environment, geography, art, culture, entertainment, disaster management, security, medical and communication.
However, before taking to the skies, it is essential to have a good understanding of the regulations set by the government of Nepal to ensure safety and security. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive guide to flying drones in Nepal, covering legal regulations, safety measures, and the consequences of breaking the rules.
Government Regulations for Drone Flying
The Nepali government has introduced regulations for the use of drones to ensure safety and security. According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, the use of drones for personal and institutional purposes has increased significantly, necessitating the need for proper regulations. To fly a drone in Nepal, one must obtain a registration number from the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN). The following documents are required to obtain a registration number:
- Citizenship or passport copy
- Registration certificate of the organization
- Purpose of operation
- Specifications of the drone
- Copy of the manual
- Tax and insurance documents
Furthermore, drones cannot be flown above a height of 400 feet and must not be flown within 150 meters of any building, vehicle, person, or public property. Drones cannot be flown within a 5-kilometer radius of any airport, military area, or restricted area. Additionally, drones cannot be flown during adverse weather conditions, such as heavy rain, strong winds, or low visibility.
Consequences of Breaking Regulations
Breaking the regulations set by the Nepali government can have legal consequences. If someone is found flying a drone without proper registration, they may face fines, imprisonment, or both. Furthermore, if the unauthorized drone flight causes any damage or injury, the pilot can be held liable for the damages caused. It is crucial to adhere to the regulations to avoid any legal complications. you can check here DRONE Related Procedure, 2019.
Flying a Drone at Night: Legal Regulations and Safety Measures
Flying drones at night is subject to certain legal regulations and safety measures that must be followed. In Nepal, drones can only be flown legally from sunrise to sunset. According to the law, drones can only be flown at a maximum altitude of 450 meters above sea level and within a ground visibility range of five kilometers. Additionally, it is crucial to avoid flying drones in areas with heavy rain, snow, hail, or lightning, as well as where the wind speed exceeds 10 knots.
Before taking off, it is mandatory to obtain a flying permit from the relevant district administration office and the Ministry of Home Affairs. Drones weighing up to two kilograms can be flown up to a maximum altitude of 200 feet without obtaining a permit if they are operated within the boundaries of an educational institution or university with prior approval.
Flying a drone without a permit is strictly prohibited, and violators may face legal action. Moreover, it is advisable to inform the local police or security unit before flying drones in the vicinity.
Apart from the legal regulations, safety measures must also be considered when flying drones at night. Firstly, the drone operator must ensure that the drone's batteries are fully charged and functional. Secondly, it is essential to fly the drone in a well-lit area to avoid losing sight of it.
Additionally, the drone must be equipped with bright LED lights that can be seen from a considerable distance. This will help to avoid any accidents that may occur due to low visibility .
In conclusion, while flying a drone at night can be thrilling, it is essential to adhere to legal regulations and safety measures to ensure the safety of oneself and others. By following the proper procedures and precautions, drone enthusiasts can enjoy their hobby without any legal complications.